Monday, January 9, 2023

External & Internal Range Liquidity | Auction Process & Institutional Order Flow

External Range Liquidity is the liquidity that will be resting on previous highs and lows (these highs and lows are also used to define the range), this could be in the form of stops or pending orders. While Internal Range Liquidity is the liquidity inside the defined range (External Range Liquidity). This could be in form of any institutional reference that we can use as entry such as order blocks, fair value gaps, volume imbalance, and more.


The first thing to do to be able to identify external range liquidity and internal range liquidity is to define the range you will be working within, using swing highs and lows to mark the beginning and end of the range. Choose the recent trading range relative to your specific time frame when defining your range.

External Range Liquidity can act as a draw on liquidity based on order flow, meaning if we have external range liquidity on the previous low and the institutional order flow is bearish, price will be attracted or pulled towards our external range.
There are only three things price can do:
1. Breakout from a Range and Trend.
2. Breakout from a Range and Reverse (False Breakout or Stop Hunt).
3. Trading Range between Highs and Lows of sessions, days, weeks, months, quarters, years.
Crude Oil ranges to break:
Inside Session, Inside Day, Inside Week, Inside Month, Inside Quarter, Inside Year.
The Marker Makers Cyclic and Fractal Price Auction Process is mirrored in Price Action:
is when Price moves quickly from a level of Equilibrium (50% of range).
Retracement is when Price moves back inside the recently created Price Range.
Market Makers look to reprice levels of imbalances that were not efficiently traded.
Reversal is when Price moves the opposite direction that current direction has taken it.
Market Makers have ran a level of Stops and a significant move should
unfold in the new direction.
Liquidity Pools are just above an old Price High and just below an old Price Low.
Consolidation is when Price moves inside a clear trading range and shows no willingness to move
significantly higher or lower. Expect a new Expansion near term.
See also: