Saturday, February 6, 2016

Evidence for Extreme Human Antiquity

Darwinists routinely assert that anatomically modern humans like ourselves evolved from archaic humans in the Middle Paleolithic, about 200,000 years ago. However, among many others, the California gold mine discoveries provide a counterexample: In 1849 gold was found in the gravels of ancient riverbeds on the slopes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains in central California, drawing hordes of rowdy adventurers to places like Brandy City, Last Chance, Lost Camp, You Bet, and Poker Flat. Occasionally, the miners would find stone artifacts, and more rarely, human fossils. Altogether, miners found hundreds of stone implements - mortars, pestles, platters, grinders, and so forth. Many of the specimens found their way into the collection of C.D. Voy, a part-time employee of the California Geological Survey. Voy’s collection eventually came into the possession of the University of California, and the most significant artifacts were reported to the scientific community by Josiah Dwight Whitney, then the state geologist of California. J.D. Whitney thought the geological evidence indicated the auriferous - or gold-bearing - gravels, and the sophisticated stone tools found in them, were at last Pliocene in age. But modern geologists think some of the gravel deposits, which lie beneath volcanic formations, are much older.

The majority of gold-bearing gravels were laid down in stream channels during the Eocene and Early Oligocene. During the Oligocene, Miocene, and Pliocene, volcanic activity in the same region covered some of the auriferous gravels with deposits of rhyolite, andesite, and latite. Finds from mine shafts can be dated more securely than those from hydraulic mines and surface deposits of gravel. Many shafts were sunk at Table Mountain in Tuolumne County. Whitney and others reported that miners found stone tools and human bones there, in the gold-bearing gravels sealed beneath thick layers of a volcanic material called latite. Discoveries from the auriferous gravels just above the bedrock are probably 33.2 to 55 million years old. The more important discoveries from Table Mountain add up to a considerable weight of evidence. J.D. Whitney personally examined a collection belonging to Dr. Snell, consisting of stone spoons, handles, spearheads, and a human jaw - all found in the auriferous gravels beneath the latite cap of Tuolumne Table Mountain. Whitney remarked that all the human fossils uncovered in the gold-mining region, including this one, were of the anatomically modern type.

The most notorious fossil discovered in the Gold Rush mines of California was the Calaveras skull. In February 1866, Mr. Mattison, the principal owner of the mine on Bald Hill, near Angels Creek, removed this fossilized skull from a layer of gravel 130 feet below the surface. The gravel was near the bedrock, underneath several distinct layers of volcanic material. It was examined by J.D. Whitney who presented a report on the Calaveras skull to the California Academy of Sciences on July 16, 1866, affirming that it was found in Pliocene strata. From the modern geological dating of the Table Mountain strata, it is apparent that the Calaveras skull was over 9 million years old. In their book Forbidden Archeology (1993) Michael Cremo and Richard Thompson documented numerous other cases showing that human beings like ourselves have existed on this planet for tens of millions, even hundreds of millions of years. See also: Whitney, J. D. (1880): The auriferous gravels of the Sierra Nevada of California. Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology Memoir 6 (1); Cremo, M. (2003): The Nineteenth Century California Gold Mine Discoveries: Archeology, Darwinism, and Evidence for Extreme Human Antiquity. - World Archaeological Congress 5, June 21-26, 2003 Washington, D.C.; Cremo, M. (2014): Forbidden Archeology. - Talks at Google [63 m].