Monday, March 19, 2018

Vernal Equinox | March 20 (Tue) Sun at 0° Declination and at 0° Longitude

Manly P. Hall (1928) - "As the zodiacal band marks the pathway of the Sun through the constellations, it results in the phenomena of the seasons. The ancient systems of measuring the year were based upon the Equinoxes and the Solstices. The year always began with the Vernal Equinox, celebrated March 21 [March 20, 2018 12:15 pm (EDT) = 0° declination and 0°Aries] with rejoicing to mark the moment when the Sun crossed the equator northward up the zodiacal arc. The Summer Solstice was celebrated when the Sun reached its most northerly position, and the day appointed was June 21. After that time the Sun began to descend toward the Equator, which it recrossed southbound at the Autumnal Equinox, September 21. The Sun reached its most southerly position at the Winter Solstice, December 21.

The seasonal variation of geomagnetic activity is related to the Earth's angle and position
towards the Sun: when the dipole is perpendicular to the solar wind flow, increase in geomagnetic
activity will occur around the equinoxes, and minima around the solstices (HERE)

Four of the signs of the zodiac have been permanently dedicated to the Equinoxes and the Solstices; and, while the signs no longer correspond with the ancient constellations to which they were assigned, and from which they secured their names, they are accepted by modern astronomers as a basis of calculation. The Vernal Equinox is therefore said to occur in the constellation of Aries (the Ram). It is fitting that of all beasts a Ram should be placed at the head of the heavenly flock forming the zodiacal band. Centuries before the Christian Era, the pagans revered this constellation. Godfrey Higgins states: "This constellation was called the 'Lamb of God.' He was also called the 'Savior,' and was said to save mankind from their sins. He was always honored with the appellation of 'Dominus' or 'Lord.' He was called the 'Lamb of God which taketh away the sins of the world.' The devotees addressing him in their litany, constantly repeated the words, 'O Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world, have mercy upon us. Grant us Thy peace.'" Therefore, the Lamb of God is a title given to the Sun, who is said to be reborn every year in the Northern Hemisphere in the sign of the Ram, although, due to the existing discrepancy between the signs of the zodiac and the actual star groups, it actually rises in the sign of Pisces."

W.D. Gann knew the year actually begins on the Vernal Equinox (not on January 1st) and said this was a very important seasonal time also in the financial markets. He used geometrical divisions of the solar year (solar degrees of longitude and calendar days) to ascertain turning points in financial markets.

11°15' (= 360°/32 = 32nd harmonic), 22°30'
(= 360°/16), 45° (= 360°/8), 90° (= 360°/4), 135° (= 3 x 45°), 180° (= 360°/2), 225° (= 5
x 45° = 0.618 of the Solar Year), 270° (= 3 x 90°), and 315° (= 7 x 45°) Solar Degrees from the Vernal Equinox (= 0°Aries) are what he called Natural Trading Days. Though 15°, 22°30' and 45° also may coincide with changes in trend, Gann stressed the importance of the cardinal points (90°apart) and fractions of 8ths (11°15'). Gann also used multiples of 90°(squares) and 144° (= 12 x 12°), i.e. 90°, 180°, 270° etc. and 288°, 576°, 720°. Changes in market trends may also occur every 30°(= Sun moving into the next sign of the zodiac) or 11°15' (11-12 calendar days and multiples thereof) from any significant high or low in the marketSince the Sun moves at different speed, e.g. 90°not always equals exactly 90 calendar days. For exact calculations and projections an ephemeris is needed (e.g. HERE). The dates of the Vernal Equinox, Summer Solstice, Autumnal Equinox, and Winter Solstice slightly change over time (see HERE).
Because of the rotation of the Sun around the Earth, the spring equinox only falls
on Tuesday evening or Wednesday morning (the Jewish day begins at sunset) every 28
years. When the equinox does fall on Tuesday or Wednesday, a very special prayer is
to be recited. It is called Birkat Hachama, the “Blessing of the Sun.”

Celestial mechanics are also the reason for the flip of correlation between astro-indicators (Bradley Index etc., but also ‘space weather’-data like sunspots, solar flux, geomagnetic indices) and financial markets. The inversion of polarity oftentimes occurs in a time-window of +/- 2 weeks around the equinoxes and solstices. When the Sun periodically experiences significant increase in sunspots and solar flare activity, flares release energy in many forms, including electromagnetic energy and energetic particles such as protons and electrons. When this energy reaches the Earth, it interacts with the Earth’s magnetic field. This generates an electric current that flows through the Earth’s surface and affects electric power, satellite communication, oil pipelines and of course human brains, mood and actions.Three mechanisms were proposed to explain the seasonal variation of geomagnetic activity: 

(1)   The Axial Hypothesis established the fact that the geomagnetic variation was associated with changes of the Earth heliographic latitude. This indicates that the Earth would be favourable connected to the solar wind from the active solar regions resulting in an increase in geomagnetic disturbance. 
(2)   The second is the Equinoctial Hypothesis. It focuses on the angle when the dipole is perpendicular to the solar wind flow, increase in geomagnetic activity will occur around the equinoxes, and minima around the solstices. 
(3)   A third approach assumes that the Interplanetary Magnetic Field lies in its typical parker spiral configuration on solar equatorial plane, the southward component of the interplanetary magnetic field in the geocentric solar magnetospheric (GSM) coordinate system is increased when the angle between the z axis of GSM coordinate and the solar equatorial plane is minimum near the equinoxes. The southward component of interplanetary magnetic field is maximum in early April and October (HERE)

S&P 500 Index vs Delta Cycle | March 2018 Update