**108**has held a multi-dimensional meaning. In geometric terms it is a natural division of circle (108 = 36 + 72 = 9 x 12). In the Eastern part of the world, different traditions talk about the

**108**navamsas. The Shiva malas, or rosaries, both Tantric and Tibetan are composed by

**108**beads. The Buddhist rosary, where from is inspired the rosary of the Moslems, then straight-away as an inheritance of crusades by Catholic Christians, is constituted of

**108**fragments of distinctive different human skulls. The number

**108**is also one of great significance inside of the Rosicrucian order, since it exemplifies the timeframe of some of their cycles. Interestingly enough, a leap year displays 366 days and 3 x 6 x 6 gives

**108**.

The number

**108**is considered sacred in many Eastern religions and traditions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and connected yoga and dharma based practices. Even the pre-historic monument Stonehenge is

**108**feet in diameter.

**108**is a number known to be referring to spiritual completion, and it is no surprise that the early Vedic sages were renowned mathematicians and in fact invented our number system.

**108**is a Harshad Number, an integer divisible by the sum of its digits. Harshad in Sanskrit means “joy-giver”.

**108**was the number of choice for this simple reason:

**108**represent the whole of existence. There are said to be

**108**types of meditation. Some say there are

**108**paths to God. Indian traditions have

**108**dance forms.

Another interesting example, Hindu deities have

**108**names, whilst in Gaudiya Vaishnavism, there are**108**gopis of Vrindavan. Recital of these names, often accompanied by the counting of the**108**-beaded Mala, is considered sacred and often done during religious ceremonies. The recital is called namajapa. Accordingly, a mala usually has beads for**108**repetitions of a mantra.**108**sacred books constitute the holy writings for Tibetans. The Vedanta, according to the Hinduism tradition, recognizes**108**authentic doctrines (Upanishad) aiming to approach the Truth and to destroy Ignorance. In Jain tradition is believed that they are**108**virtues. Lankavatara Sutra ancient teachings refer repeatedly to many temples with**108**steps. In Tibetan Buddhism it is believed that there are 108 sins or**108**delusions of the mind. In some schools of Buddhism, it is believed that there are**108**defilements. In Japan, at the end of the year, a bell is chimed**108**times in Buddhist temples to finish the old year and welcome the new one. Each ring represents one of**108**earthly temptations a person must overcome to achieve nirvana. Likewise, Zen priests wear juzu, a ring of prayer beads, around their wrists, which consists of**108**beads. The Lankavatara Sutra has a section where the Bodhisattva Mahamati asks Buddha**108**questions. The Buddhism tradition talks about the**108**earthly desires in mortals,**108**lies humans tell and**108**human delusions. The esoteric presence of the number**108**can be seen in various spiritual practices and theories: In Kriya Yoga, the maximum number of repetitions allowed to be practiced in one sitting is**108**. Also,**108**Sun Salutations in yoga practice is often used to honor change, for example the change of seasons, or at a time of tragedy to bring peace, respect and understanding. It is said that if one can be so calm in meditation practicing pranayama to have only**108**breaths a day that enlightenment will come.There are said to be

**108**energy lines, or nadis, converging to form the heart chakra. Marma points are like Chakras, or intersection of energy, with fewer converging energy lines. On Sri Yantra, the Marmas have 54 intersecting energy lines where three lines intersect. Each has feminine, or shakti, and masculine, or shiva, qualities. 54 x 2 =

**108**. Therefore there are

**108**points that define the human body and the Sri Yantra or the Yantra of Creation. The same rule is observed in the Sanskrit language, with its 54 letters, both representing the two genders and they are also called Shiva and Shakti respectively; again, 54 x 2=

**108**.

The earth cycle is supposed to be of 2160 years = 20 x

There are 12 constellation and 9 arc segments. 9 times 12 equal

**108**. The distance between the Earth and Sun is**108**times the diameter of the Sun. The diameter of the Sun is**108**times the diameter of the Earth. The distance between the Earth and Moon is**108**times the diameter of the Moon. The universe is made up of**108**elements according to ancient texts. The current periodic table claims a few more than**108**.There are 12 constellation and 9 arc segments. 9 times 12 equal

**108**. The 9 planets travelling through the 12 signs constitute the whole of existence. 9 x 12 =**108**. The 27 nakshatras or lunar constellations spread over the 4 elements – fire, earth, air, water or the 4 directions – north, south, east, and west. This also constitutes the whole of existence. 27 x 4 =**108**.1. The Sun is 108 times bigger than the Earth2. The distance from the Earth to the Sun is equal to 108 Suns side by side3. The distance from the Earth to the Moon is 108 Moons side by side. |

**The Number 108 in Numerology**

**1 stands for God**or higher Truth,

**0 stands for emptiness**or completeness in spiritual practice, and

**8 stands for infinity**or eternity.

**Powers of 1, 2, and 3 in math:**1 to 1st power =1; 2 to 2nd power = 4 (2 x 2); 3 to 3rd power = 27 (3 x 3 x 3). 1 x 4 x 27 =

**108**

**Breath:**In one minute, we breathe in approximately 15 times, in 1 hour 900 times, and in 12 hours

**108**00 times, and in a day

**108**00 x 2 times. A day consists of 24 hours, and if we set aside half the day for our day to day routines, then one can spend 12 hours for recitation of one's idol. Therefore, the maximum number of times that one can recite "mantra", or perform "Jap" are

**108**00. If one wants to obtain 100% benefit of its jap, then performing jap

**108**times will give you the benefit of 100%. That's why in a "Mala", there are

**108**beads. It is written in Vedas, that 1 Jap corresponds to 1 mala (which has

**108**beads), therefore performing jap of 108 malas will result in 100% benefit.

**Astronomy:**There are 27 constellations in our galaxy, and each one them has 4 directions, and 27 x 4 =

**108**, In other words the number

**108**covers the whole galaxy.

**Indian scriptures:**The letter 9 corresponds to Lord Brahma (the creator of universe). Mathematically, the interesting property of

9 is 9 x 1 = 9

9 x 2 = 18 (8+1=9)

9 x 3 = 27 (7+2=9)

9 x 12 =

**108**(1+0+8=9)

In

The addition of digits of number

**Hindu religion**, number 9 is very important. Keeping the importance of number 9, Rishi Vyas has created 9 Purans,**108**MahaPuran (Upnishads). Mahabharat has 18 chapters, Geeta has 18 chapters, Bhagavat has**108**000 Shloks (verses).The addition of digits of number

**108**is 9, and number 9 is related with Brahma, that's why**108**is very important, and came into lot of Indian scriptures.**Indian Vedas**, treats the Sun as God, and Sun has 12 signs (Zodiac signs). In Yajurved, Sun is related with Lord Brahma (the number 9), remember - 12 x 9 =

**108**; therefore for Gods Prayer, the number

**108**is very sacred.

According to

SatYuga - consists of 172,800 years 1+7+2+8 = 18 = 1+8 = 9

TretaYuga consists of 1296000 years 1+2+9+6 = 18 = 1+8 = 9

DwaparYuga consists of 864000 years 8+4+6 = 18 = 1+8 = 9

KaliYuga consists of 432000 years 4+3+2 = 9

**Indian mythology**, there are 4 YugasSatYuga - consists of 172,800 years 1+7+2+8 = 18 = 1+8 = 9

TretaYuga consists of 1296000 years 1+2+9+6 = 18 = 1+8 = 9

DwaparYuga consists of 864000 years 8+4+6 = 18 = 1+8 = 9

KaliYuga consists of 432000 years 4+3+2 = 9

**Harshad number:**

**108**is a Harshad number, which is an integer divisible by the sum of its digits (Harshad is from Sanskrit, and means "great joy")

**Desires:**There are said to be

**108**earthly desires in mortals.

**Lies:**There are said to be

**108**lies that humans tell.

**Delusions:**There are said to be

**108**human delusions or forms of ignorance.

**Heart Chakra:**The chakras are the intersections of energy lines, and there are said to be a total of

**108**energy lines converging to form the heart chakra. One of them, sushumna leads to the crown chakra, and is said to be the path to Self-realization.

**Sanskrit alphabet:**There are 54 letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Each has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti. 54 times 2 is

**108**.

**Pranayama:**If one is able to be so calm in meditation as to have only

**108**breaths in a day, enlightenment will come.

**Upanishads:**Some say there are

**108**Upanishads, texts of the wisdom of the ancient sages.

**Sri Yantra:**On the Sri Yantra there are marmas where three lines intersect, and there are 54 such intersections. Each intersections has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti qualities. 54 times 2 equals

**108**. Thus, there are

**108**points that define the Sri Yantra as well as the human body. The angle formed by two adjacent lines in a pentagon equals 108 degrees.

**Pentagon:**The angle formed by two adjacent lines in a pentagon equals

**108**degrees.

**Marmas:**Marmas or marmasthanas are like energy intersections called chakras, except have fewer energy lines converging to form them. There are said to be

**108**marmas in the subtle body.

**Time:**Some say there are

**108**feelings, with 36 related to the past, 36 related to the present, and 36 related to the future.

**8 extra beads:**In doing a practice of counting the number of repetitions of the mala, 100 are counted as completed. The remaining are said to cover errors or omissions. The 8 are also said to be an offering to God and Guru.

**Chemistry:**Interestingly, there are about 115 elements known on the periodic table of the elements. Most of those, around or higher than the number 100 only exist in the laboratory, and some for only thousandths of a second. The number that naturally exist on Earth is around 100.

**Astrology:**There are 12 constellations, and 9 arc segments called namshas or chandrakalas. 9 times 12 equals

**108**. Chandra is Moon, and kalas are the divisions within a whole.

**River Ganga:**The sacred River Ganga spans a longitude of 12 degrees (79 to 91), and a latitude of 9 degrees (22 to 31). 12 times 9 equals

**108**.

**Planets and Houses:**In astrology, there are 12 houses and 9 planets. 12 times 9 equals

**108**.

**Goddess names:**There are said to be

**108**Indian goddess names.

**Gopis of Krishna:**In the Krishna tradition, there were said to be

**108**gopis or maid servants of Krishna.

**Sun and Earth:**The diameter of the Sun is 108 times the diameter of the Earth. The distance from the Sun to the Earth is 108 times the diameter of the Sun.

**Moon and Earth:**The average distance of the Moon from the Earth is 108 times the diameter of the Moon.

**Silver and the Moon:**In astrology, the metal silver is said to represent the moon. The atomic weight of silver is 108.

**Numerical scale:**The 1 of 108, and the 8 of 108, when added together equals 9, which is the number of the numerical scale, i.e. 1, 2, 3 ... 10, etc., where 0 is not a number.

**Meditations:**Some say there are 108 styles of meditation.

**Breath:**Tantra estimates the average number of breaths per day at 21,600, of which 10,800 are solar energy, and 10,800 are lunar energy. Multiplying 108 by 100 is 10,800. Multiplying 2 x 10,800 equals 21,600.

**Paths to God:**Some suggest that there are 108 paths to God.

**Smaller divisions:**The number 108 is divided, such as in half, third, quarter, or twelfth, so that some malas have 54, 36, 27, or 9 beads.

**Hinduism:**108 is said to refer to the number of Hindu deities. Some say that each of the deities has 108 names.

**Islam:**The number 108 is used in Islam to refer to God.

**Jain:**In the Jain religion, 108 are the combined virtues of five categories of holy ones, including 12, 8, 36, 25, and 27 virtues respectively.

**Sikh:**The Sikh tradition has a mala of 108 knots tied in a string of wool, rather than beads.

**Buddhism:**Some Buddhists carve 108 small Buddhas on a walnut for good luck. Some ring a bell 108 times to celebrate a new year. There are said to be 108 virtues to cultivate and 108 defilements to avoid.

**Chinese:**The Chinese Buddhists and Taoists use a 108 bead mala, which is called su-chu, and has three dividing beads, so the mala is divided into three parts of 36 each. Chinese astrology says that there are 108 sacred stars.

**Stages of the soul:**Said that Atman, the human soul or center goes through 108 stages on the journey.

**Meru:**This is a larger bead, not part of the 108. It is not tied in the sequence of the other beads. It is the quiding bead, the one that marks the beginning and end of the mala.

**Dance:**There are 108 forms of dance in the Indian traditions.

**Praiseworthy souls:**There are 108 qualities of praiseworthy soul.

**First man in space:**The first manned space flight lasted 108 minutes, and was on April 12, 1961 by Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet cosmonaut.

**Time:**Some say there are 108 feelings, with 36 related to the past, 36 related to the present, and 36 related to the future.