Wednesday, April 25, 2012

ID/NR4 Pattern = April 24 in SPX

See also 
Toby Crabel's ID/NR4 Pattern = Trend-Continuation or Short-Term Breakout Set-up

An NR4 is a trading day with the narrowest daily range of the last four days. An ID or inside day has a higher low than the previous day’s low and a lower high than the previous day’s high. Combining the two conditions sets up an ID/NR4 day.

ID/NR4 pattern idnr4

Toby Crabel’s initial approach suggested a day-trading strategy following this setup (link). However, our research suggests that the trade should be held longer than one day.

In the breakout mode we can’t predict the direction in which we are going to enter the trade. All we can do is predict that there should be an expansion in volatility. Therefore, we must place both a buy-stop and a sell-stop in the market at the same time. The price movement will then “pull us into” the trade.
Here are the rules:
  1. Identify an ID/NR4.
  2. The next day only, place a buy-stop one tick above and a sell-stop one tick below the ID/NR4 bar.
  3. On entry day only, if we are filled on the buy side, enter an additional sell-stop one tick below the ID/NR4 bar. This means that if the trade is a loser, not only will we get stopped out with a loss, we will reverse and go short. (The rule is reversed if initially filled on the short side.)
  4. Trail a stop to lock in accrued profits.
  5. If the position is not profitable within two days and you have not been stopped out, exit the trade MOC (market on close.) Our experience has taught us that when the setup works, it is usually profitable immediately.
Here are a few examples.

ID/NR4 pattern idnr4 2
  1. An ID/NTR4 day. Tomorrow, we will place a buy-stop one tick above today’s high and a sell-stop one tick below today’s low.
  2. We are filled on the sell side. A second buy-stop order is placed one tick above yesterday’s high in case of a reversal.
  3. This type of sell off is fairly rare (18 points in five trading sessions!), but they are the reason to trade this setup.This strategy gives you small gains and small losses, eventually producing a setup such as this one.
ID/NR4 pattern idnr4 3
  1. The range of the S&P bar on March 9, 1995, is the smallest range mi four days and is an inside bar.
  2. Our buy-stop is placed at 488.20 (one tick above the previous day’s high) and is triggered on the opening at 488.50. The sell-stop placed at 486.10 (one tick below the previous day’s low) is doubled in size in case of a reversal. As you can see, the market explodes, closing at 495.00, up 6.50 points from the opening. As
    this position becomes more profitable throughout the day, a trailing stop should be used to lock in the profit.
  3. The market rises steadily over the next week. Our position has a healthy 10+ point profit, bringing us to another ID/NR4 setup on March 20. (For simplicity’s sake, let’s assume that we locked in our profits from March 10, 1995 and are flat.)
  4. This type of setup happens from time to time and is a good example of what you can occasionally expect.
  • ID/NR4 setup
  • Buy-stop filled at 500.75
  • Sell-stop and reversal sell-stop filled at 498.90
  • Next day (two days after the setup) the market closes .45 points above our sell point. The position is closed out.
  • The loss from the March 20,1995 setup is approximately 2.25 points plus
    slippage and commission.
If you trade this strategy and most other strategies in this manual, you must get used to this type of trade. As we mentioned in the previous example, this setup pattern often makes and loses small amounts of money, and occasionally you will get a trade that explodes, such as the one that occurred on March 10, 1995.

ID/NR4 pattern idnr4 4
  1. An NR4 inside day.
  2. A sharp 10 percent two-day sell-off.
ID/NR4 pattern idnr4 5
  1. An NR4 inside day.
  2. The breakout is to the upside. As you can see, the market opens on its low and doses on its high. You will often see this type of pattern from this setup.
  3. A trailing stop will ensure locking in profits as the position corrects itself. Also, notice how the market rallies a few days later. Unfortunately, we will miss these occasional moves to assure capturing the one to four day profits.  

“Street Smarts: High Probability Short-Term Trading Strategies” by Laurence A. Connors, Linda Bradford Raschke

LARRY: The reason to trade this strategy is because the losses are small, and occasionally a big winner will fall into your lap.
LINDA: The typical “GO FISH strategy! Keep dropping your pole in the water and once in awhile you’ll catch a big one.
LARRY: Yes. It’s also important for traders to realize the importance of stopping and reversing on a same-day whipsaw, because often that “big one” follows a “fakeout” losing trade.
LINDA: It’s amazing how sometimes the best trades occur after one group of market participants has been trapped. They’ll later become fuel for the fire when their losses deepen. It definitely takes a certain amount of fortitude to trade breakouts.
LARRY: Even if a trader chooses to skip trading patterns like these, it is vitally important to be aware of an initial low-volatility, range-contraction setup- At the very least, never try to trade against moves exploding out of these points. Better just to let the day go if you don’t feel comfortable climbing on board.
LINDA: That’s true. Many novice traders misunderstand swing trading as a license to buy weakness or sell strength. When a trend day comes along, they get their head handed to them. It is a sucker play because the initial low volatility creeping mode of a trend day lures people into thinking they can get by without a resting stop order in the marketplace. When the market starts to run away, it’s natural to freeze up. Almost every trader has experienced this. It is so important to identify the conditions when not to swing trade (i.e., low-volatility environments). Then we can work on capturing the breakout and learning how to jump on board this impulsive action.
LARRY: What other patterns from Toby’s book do you trade?
LINDA: One of the simplest concepts which I use regularly is Toby’s NR7. This represents the narrowest range of the last seven days. I automatically use this as a filter to switch to a breakout mode the day following an NR7. This means that I will not try to countertrend trade. Instead, I will try and enter the market in the direction it is